The Spread of Meditation throughout the World.
Nowadays, Meditation is widely practiced both to enhance performance - as it develops intense discipline and focus - and as a stress reduction tool, but this wasn’t always the case. Historically it was seen as a spiritual exercise, the domain of priests, monks and other religious figures, (although early Christians didn’t adopt meditation, their prayer and worship shared many similarities).
When scholars, in the 20th century, began translating ancient texts, many intellectuals adopted the different forms of meditation that were discovered and around the 1920’s Yoga became more widely practiced amongst Hindus in India. It wasn’t until the 1960’s, however, that Transcendental Meditation and Hatha Yoga became popular in the West.